Breast cancer is usually in the form of an irregularly limited and hard mass (tumor) that develops inside the breast. The diagnosis is usually made by examinations after the swelling detected during manual examinations. Those who are not big enough may not be detected manually, but diagnosis can be made in USG / Mammography controls.
If breast cancers are not diagnosed early, they can spread to organs such as bone, brain, liver, and lung (metastasis).
In the treatment of the disease, early diagnosis is very important, so those who have breast cancer in their family should be checked with a mammography at the age of 30-35, and it should be repeated annually in the following years. In those who do not have a family history, it is recommended to have mammography at the age of 35-40 and to be followed again.
Surgery is the main treatment in breast cancer treatment. In addition to surgical treatment, in patients deemed necessary; radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hormonotherapy are also used.
There are different surgical techniques in breast cancer surgery. However, in recent years, breast-conserving surgeries have gained popularity, where the breast has not only been removed, but the breast has been removed with appropriate clean surgical margins, and subsequently, radiotherapy has been used.
Surgical techniques in breast cancer
-Breast-protecting techniques (Breast-protecting, Nipple-protecting, Skin-protecting)
-Modified radical mastectomy
-Lymph node surgeries (Sentinel lymph node biopsy, Axillary lymph node dissection)